Dictionary / Acronyms

I use a lot of acronyms in my posts, and while I do my best to explain what each of them are, I sometimes forget. I also find it’s easier to have a place to simply look them up, so here it is.  If there is a definition I deem necessary to the acronym, beyond the short description I provide, I will link off-site to a reputable source. Each acronym is sorted in alphabetical order.

Here you will also find a brief description of some mental illnesses / disorders I mention, for quick reference. I will also link further information on said illnesses / disorders, always by a reputable source.

 

 

A

ADD –

ADHD –

Agoraphobia – An anxiety disorder classified by a fear of open spaces, a fear of leaving one’s ‘safe space’ and/or an inability to leave the home due to anxiety/fear of the world outside.

Anti-depressants

B

BPD – Borderline Personality Disorder – a personality disorder

BP – Bipolar Disorder (see: Bipolar Disorder Type I, Bipolar Disorder Type II) – a mood disorder characterised by manic episodes as well as severe depressive episodes. There are a few ‘types’ or subtypes of bipolar disorder, with the two most common being bipolar type I (1) or bipolar type II (2). See also: rapid-cycling.

BPI – Bipolar Type I (1) or Bipolar I (1), in which case there are more manic episodes than depressive episodes and the person is usually in a manic state (normally requiring hospitalisation to make sure the manic person stays safe).

BPII – Bipolar Type II (2) or Bipolar II (2) is where the patient has more depressive episodes and few, if any, manic episodes. Quite commonly, someone with bipolar 2 would have hypomanic episodes. The bipolar 2 patient’s depressive episodes are generally severe and usually fall along alongside suicidal ideation.

C

CBT – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Circadian Rhythm Disorder –

CPT – Cognitive Processing Therapy

CPTSD – Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – (see PTSD)

D

DBT – Dialectical Behavioural Therapy – a cognitive behavioural therapy used primarily in the treatment of BPD (see above), focusing on coping skills like mindfulness, emotion regulation, distress tolerance, and interpersonal effectiveness. DBT was developed by Marsha Linehan.

Dissociation –

Dissociative Episodes – Episodes of dissociation, triggered by trauma, hypomania/mania (in Bipolar Disorder)

E

ECT –

F

G

GAD – Generalised Anxiety Disorder – 

H

I

J

K

L

M

MDD – Major Depressive Disorder

Mood Stabilisers – 

N

O

OCD – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder –

OCPD – Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder – 

P

Panic Disorder –

PTSD – Post Traumatic Stress Disorder –

Q

R

Rapid-cycling – Rapid-cycling refers to a pattern where the moods/episodes (depressive, hypomanic or manic) cycle far more quickly than the ‘classic’ bipolar patient who may cycle between mania/hypomania and depression maybe 4 times a year. The rapid-cycling patient can have 4 or more episodes of mania/hypomania or depression within a year.

S

SAD –  Seasonal Affective Disorder

Sedatives – 

Social Anxiety Disorder –

SSRI – Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z